Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English (English Edition) 1第一 版本, Kindle电子书
This etymological dictionary gives the origins of some 20,000 items from the modern English vocabulary, discussing them in groups that make clear the connections between words derived by a variety of routes from originally common stock.
As well as giving the answers to questions about the derivation of individual words, it is a fascinating book to browse through, and includes extensive lists of prefixes, suffixes, and elements used in the creation of new vocabulary.
- ASIN : B000PLXBMS
- 出版社 : Routledge; 第 1st 版 (2006年5月23日)
- 出版日期 : 2006年5月23日
- 语言 : 英语
- 文件大小 : 9431 KB
- 同步设备使用情况： : 根据出版商限制，最多 4 台同步设备
- 标准语音朗读 : 已启用
- X-Ray : 未启用
- 生词提示功能 : 未启用
- 纸书页数 : 992页
当然，这只是一部词典，所列出者多为其然，而非其所以然。从词典中，你或许会了解到希腊语的 hyper-和拉丁语的 super-同源，但词典不会告诉你相关的同源词中，希腊语的 h- 和拉丁语的 s-之间的语音对应关系，如希腊语词源的 herpes（带状疱疹）对应于拉丁语词源的serpent（大蛇）。至于诸多印欧语语音定律，如格林定律，维尔纳定律，格拉斯曼定律，索绪尔定律等，这些知识更在词典讲解范围之外而应求索于印欧语言学专题教材。又比如，词典上说，hysteria（歇斯底里）来源于希腊文 hystera-（子宫），但子宫和此病又有何关联？对此词典并不予以说明。这种百科知识，也不在词典的论述范围之内。很大程度上，这部词典是为了让你获得更多的词汇方面的感性知识，基本不涉及理论以及百科知识方面的论述。
词典很厚，凡972页。即此之故，原名中的 Short Dictionary 之 short 今已删去。平装版，影印本，有些页面略有洇漶之处，但不妨碍阅读。1966年第四版，2009年印刷。
I implore the publisher to take this into consideration. Kindle editions can be revised and re-downloaded at no cost to the user, and I request such a revision. Kindle dictionaries actually have a look-up function which was not used for this product.
Weigh this complaint against the fact that this is a US$60 purchase and not the $9.99 that most non-academic Kindle books are priced at. I don't mind paying more for scholarly work (and fortunately my purchase came out of grant money, which is the only reason I'm not returning it), but given that the author has been dead for over 30 years, this is an awful lot of money to be going to editors who didn't do enough work on the Kindle edition to justify their job titles.
If the dictionary is revised in such a way that looking up words is a task easily accomplished, I will happily remove this review and replace it with the glowing review that the text itself deserves. I certainly don't think that the ability to look up words in a dictionary directly is an unreasonable request nor do I think implementing such a method would be difficult for the publisher as it involves a function the Kindle already provides but which the publisher didn't use.
This is a great resource, and highly recommended for anyone deeply interested in Etymology. It contrasts nicely with the online Etymology dictionaries, since the information offered in the book is a bit more in depth. The book also does a better job of cross-referencing related words than any website could.
It's an older book (the author died in 1979), but the information in here never gets old. The new print is pricey, but you can pick up used copies for a fair price. It's a great addition to any reference shelf.
Highly recommended, if you are an Etymology geek.